Overview

What are Uterine Fibroids?

A uterine fibroid is a benign growth derived from uterine muscle. They may be found in any part of the uterus and are oestrogen responsive. Fibroids may be single or multiple, which may start in the inner layer of the muscle of the uterus.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Uterine Fibroids?

Some of the of symptoms uterine fibroids may include:

Abnormal gynaecological haemorrhage

Abnormal gynaecological haemorrhage

Infertility

Infertility

Miscarriage, premature labour

Miscarriage, premature labour

Sensation of fullness or pressure in lower abdomen

Sensation of fullness or pressure in lower abdomen

Pelvic cramping or pain with periods

Pelvic cramping or pain with periods

Frequent urination

Frequent urination

Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia)

Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia)

Sudden, severe pain

Sudden, severe pain

Causes

What are the causes of Uterine Fibroids?

is not known exactly why fibroids occur. However, we do know the female hormones, oestrogen and progesterone play a significant role in stimulating the growth of fibroids. Fibroids grow in women of reproductive age, until menopause. After menopause, they usually shrink and may disappear. Some factors that increase your risk of getting fibroids include:

Early first period

Early first period

Obesity

Obesity

Family history

Family history

Never having given birth

Never having given birth

Age (risk increases in your late reproductive years)

Age (risk increases in your late reproductive years)

Having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

High blood pressure

High blood pressure

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Uterine Fibroids?

A diagnosis of fibroids may be made during a vaginal examination, ultrasound or during surgery for other conditions. The first test recommended is a transvaginal ultrasound, where the ultrasound probe is gently placed in the vagina. Other tests may include:

Oestrogen metabolites (Urine)

Oestrogen metabolites (Urine)

Female comprehensive hormone profile (blood)

Female comprehensive hormone profile (blood)

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating uterine fibroids.