A uterine fibroid is a benign growth derived from uterine muscle. They may be found in any part of the uterus and are oestrogen responsive. Fibroids may be single or multiple, which may start in the inner layer of the muscle of the uterus.
What are Uterine Fibroids?
What are the signs of Uterine Fibroids?
Some of the of symptoms uterine fibroids may include:
Abnormal gynaecological haemorrhage
Miscarriage, premature labour
Sensation of fullness or pressure in lower abdomen
Pelvic cramping or pain with periods
Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia)
Sudden, severe pain
What are the causes of Uterine Fibroids?
is not known exactly why fibroids occur. However, we do know the female hormones, oestrogen and progesterone play a significant role in stimulating the growth of fibroids. Fibroids grow in women of reproductive age, until menopause. After menopause, they usually shrink and may disappear. Some factors that increase your risk of getting fibroids include:
Early first period
Never having given birth
Age (risk increases in your late reproductive years)
Having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
High blood pressure
How do I know if I have Uterine Fibroids?
A diagnosis of fibroids may be made during a vaginal examination, ultrasound or during surgery for other conditions. The first test recommended is a transvaginal ultrasound, where the ultrasound probe is gently placed in the vagina. Other tests may include:
Oestrogen metabolites (Urine)
Female comprehensive hormone profile (blood)