Type 2 diabetes is often a progressive condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas. This causes consistently elevated or high levels of blood glucose.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
What are the signs of Type 2 Diabetes?
The signs and symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes include:
High blood glucose levels
Increased incidence of thrush
Fungal infections of the skin
What are the causes of Type 2 Diabetes?
he exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown but it is associated with a family history of type 2 diabetes and modifiable lifestyle risk factors. Some people may be able to significantly slow the progression of the condition through changes to diet and increasing the amount of physical activity they do. Other risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes include:
Overweight / obesity
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
Low levels of physical activity
Low HDL cholesterol
High total cholesterol.
High blood pressure
Ethnicity - Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, Pacific Islander, Indian or Chinese, African American, Hispanic American, and Native American descent
How do I know if I have Type 2 Diabetes?
To determine if you have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical assessment and/or request the following tests:
Insulin Resistance Index
Glycoslyated Haemoglobin (HbA1c)
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)