Overview

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is often a progressive condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas. This causes consistently elevated or high levels of blood glucose.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Type 2 Diabetes?

The signs and symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes include:

High blood glucose levels

High blood glucose levels

Abdominal obesity

Abdominal obesity

Excessive thirst

Excessive thirst

Increased urination

Increased urination

Fatigue

Fatigue

Blurred vision

Blurred vision

Increased incidence of thrush

Increased incidence of thrush

Fungal infections of the skin

Fungal infections of the skin

Recurring infections

Recurring infections

Causes

What are the causes of Type 2 Diabetes?

he exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown but it is associated with a family history of type 2 diabetes and modifiable lifestyle risk factors. Some people may be able to significantly slow the progression of the condition through changes to diet and increasing the amount of physical activity they do. Other risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes include:

Overweight / obesity

Overweight / obesity

 Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

 Low levels of physical activity

Low levels of physical activity

High triglycerides

High triglycerides

Low HDL cholesterol

Low HDL cholesterol

High total cholesterol.

High total cholesterol.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure

Ethnicity - Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, Pacific Islander, Indian or Chinese, African American, Hispanic American, and Native American descent

Ethnicity - Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, Pacific Islander, Indian or Chinese, African American, Hispanic American, and Native American descent

 Smoking

Smoking

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Type 2 Diabetes?

To determine if you have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical assessment and/or request the following tests:

Insulin Resistance Index

Insulin Resistance Index

Glycoslyated Haemoglobin (HbA1c)

Glycoslyated Haemoglobin (HbA1c)

 Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating Type 2 Diabetes.