Overview

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic autoimmune condition in which the immune system is activated to destroy the cells in the pancreas which produce insulin.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Type 1 Diabetes?

Common symptoms associated with Type 1 diabetes include:

Frequent urination

Frequent urination

Excessive thirst

Excessive thirst

Frequent hunger

Frequent hunger

Slow wound healing

Slow wound healing

Itching, skin infections

Itching, skin infections

Blurred vision

Blurred vision

Unexplained weight loss

Unexplained weight loss

Mood swings

Mood swings

Headaches

Headaches

Feeling dizzy

Feeling dizzy

 Leg cramps

Leg cramps

Irritability, restlessness

Irritability, restlessness

Causes

What are the causes of Type 1 Diabetes?

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not yet known, but there is a strong link to family history and it cannot be prevented. It has nothing to do with lifestyle, although maintaining a healthy lifestyle is very important in helping to manage type 1 diabetes.

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Type 1 Diabetes?

To determine if you have Type 1 diabetes, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical assessment and/or request the following tests:

Glycoslyated Haemoglobin (HbA1c)

Glycoslyated Haemoglobin (HbA1c)

Fasting blood glucose

Fasting blood glucose

 Fasting insulin

Fasting insulin

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating Type 1 Diabetes.