Overview

What is Pre-Diabetes (impaired glucose metabolism)?

Pre-diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, although not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. There are two pre-diabetes conditions:

• Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) - blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.

• Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) - blood glucose levels are escalated in the fasting state but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Pre-Diabetes (impaired glucose metabolism)?

Pre-diabetes has no signs or symptoms.

Causes

What are the causes of Pre-Diabetes (impaired glucose metabolism)?

Risk factors for pre-diabetes are similar to those for type 2 diabetes which are:

Overweight – especially excess weight around the waistline

Overweight – especially excess weight around the waistline

Low levels of physical activity

Low levels of physical activity

High triglycerides

High triglycerides

Low HDL cholesterol

Low HDL cholesterol

High total cholesterol.

High total cholesterol.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure

Family history of type 2 diabetes and/or heart disease

Family history of type 2 diabetes and/or heart disease

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

High alcohol intake

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Pre-Diabetes (impaired glucose metabolism)?

To determine if you have Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or Impaired fasting glucose (IFG), your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical assessment and/or request the following tests:

Glycoslyated Haemoglobin (HbA1c)

Glycoslyated Haemoglobin (HbA1c)

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating Pre-Diabetes (impaired glucose metabolism).