Overview

What is Perimenopause?

The transition into menopause, called peri-menopause, commonly lasts for 2-3 years. During peri-menopause ovarian sex hormone production slows and ovulation becomes unpredictable, causing fluctuating monthly patterns until your period ceases completely.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Perimenopause?

The signs and symptoms of perimenopause include:

Irregular menses

Irregular menses

Skin changes

Skin changes

Mood changes - depression, anxiety

Mood changes - depression, anxiety

Memory loss

Memory loss

Insomnia

Insomnia

Fatigue

Fatigue

Vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness

Reduced libido

Reduced libido

Night sweats and hot flushes, which may be moderate to debilitating in their effects

Night sweats and hot flushes, which may be moderate to debilitating in their effects

Causes

What are the causes of Perimenopause?

The exact cause of perimenopause is unknown but the following factors play an important role:

Genetics

Genetics

Family history

Family history

Hormone imbalance - insulin and testosterone

Hormone imbalance - insulin and testosterone

Overweight/obesity

Overweight/obesity

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Perimenopause?

To diagnose perimenopause, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical exam or request the following tests:

Female comprehensive hormone profile (blood)

Female comprehensive hormone profile (blood)

Ultrasound

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating perimenopause.