Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which the bone mass or density is reduced. This condition occurs when bones loose minerals such as calcium more quickly than the body can replace them. They become less dense, loose strength and break more easily.
What is Osteoporosis?
What are the signs of Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis causes no specific pain or symptoms. It usually goes undetected until a serious fracture occurs. Common signs of osteoporosis include:
Collapse of a vertebra ("compression fracture")
Acute onset of back pain
Hunched forward or bent stature
Loss of height
What are the causes of Osteoporosis?
Some caused of Osteoporosis include:
Gender – women are more likely to develop osteoporosis
Lack of physical activity & weight bearing exercise
High blood sugar
Vitamin/mineral deficiency (vitamin D, K, calcium)
Chronic stress and depression
High alcohol intake
High caffeine intake
How do I know if I have Osteoporosis?
To diagnose osteoporosis, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history and perform a physical exam. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (or DEXA) is considered the gold standard technology for assessing bone mineral density. The scan uses X-rays to measure bone density.
To diagnose Osteoporosis, your doctor is likely to prescribe the following tests:
A bone density test