Overview

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which the bone mass or density is reduced. This condition occurs when bones loose minerals such as calcium more quickly than the body can replace them. They become less dense, loose strength and break more easily.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis causes no specific pain or symptoms. It usually goes undetected until a serious fracture occurs. Common signs of osteoporosis include:

 Bone fractures

Bone fractures

Collapse of a vertebra ("compression fracture")

Collapse of a vertebra ("compression fracture")

Acute onset of back pain

Acute onset of back pain

Hunched forward or bent stature

Hunched forward or bent stature

Loss of height

Loss of height

Limited mobility

Limited mobility

Causes

What are the causes of Osteoporosis?

Some caused of Osteoporosis include:

Gender – women are more likely to develop osteoporosis

Gender – women are more likely to develop osteoporosis

Advanced age

Advanced age

Family history

Family history

Overweight/underweight

Overweight/underweight

Lack of physical activity & weight bearing exercise

Lack of physical activity & weight bearing exercise

Hormonal imbalance

Hormonal imbalance

Insulin resistance

Insulin resistance

High blood sugar

High blood sugar

Vitamin/mineral deficiency (vitamin D, K, calcium)

Vitamin/mineral deficiency (vitamin D, K, calcium)

Chronic stress and depression

Chronic stress and depression

Smoking

Smoking

High alcohol intake

High alcohol intake

High caffeine intake

High caffeine intake

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Osteoporosis?

To diagnose osteoporosis, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history and perform a physical exam. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (or DEXA) is considered the gold standard technology for assessing bone mineral density. The scan uses X-rays to measure bone density.

To diagnose Osteoporosis, your doctor is likely to prescribe the following tests:

A bone density test

A bone density test

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating Osteoporosis.