Overview

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome (also called syndrome X) is the name for a group of risk factors related to heart disease and type 2 diabetes and is defined as the presence of any three of the following five risk factors:

Central obesity

High triglycerides

Low levels of HDL in the blood

High blood pressure

Insulin resistance

Symptoms

What are the signs of Metabolic Syndrome?

Most of the disorders associated with metabolic syndrome don't have obvious signs or symptoms. One sign that is visible is a large waist circumference. And if your blood glucose is high, you might notice the signs and symptoms of diabetes — such as increased thirst and urination, fatigue, and blurred vision. Other signs and symptoms may include:

High blood glucose levels

High blood glucose levels

Fatigue

Fatigue

Blurred vision

Blurred vision

Increased urination

Increased urination

Fatigue

Fatigue

Blurred vision

Blurred vision

Increased incidence of thrush

Increased incidence of thrush

Fungal infections of the skin

Fungal infections of the skin

Recurring infections

Recurring infections

Causes

What are the causes of Metabolic Syndrome?

The main causes and risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome are central obesity and insulin resistance. Other factors that can increase your risk for metabolic syndrome include:

Age

Age

Family history of metabolic syndrome

Family history of metabolic syndrome

Low levels of physical activity

Low levels of physical activity

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Metabolic Syndrome?

To diagnose metabolic syndrome, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical assessment (waist circumference, blood pressure) and/or request the following tests:

Fasting insulin

Fasting insulin

Insulin Resistance Index

Insulin Resistance Index

Lipid profile (blood)

Lipid profile (blood)

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who specialise in treating Metabolic Syndrome