Overview

What is Male Infertility?

Male infertility is defined as any condition which adversely affects the chances of initiating a pregnancy with a female partner.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Male Infertility?

Male infertility is often asymptomatic with the most common presenting symptom being that the female partner is unable to get pregnant after 12 months of unprotected sex.

Swollen testes

Swollen testes

Undescended testes

Undescended testes

Reduced sperm count and volume

Reduced sperm count and volume

History of prior testicular complications (torsion, cryptorchidism, trauma)

History of prior testicular complications (torsion, cryptorchidism, trauma)

Infections (mumps orchitis, epididymitis)

Infections (mumps orchitis, epididymitis)

Environmental factors (excessive heat, radiation, chemotherapy)

Environmental factors (excessive heat, radiation, chemotherapy)

Medications and/or drug use (alcohol, marijuana).

Medications and/or drug use (alcohol, marijuana).

Causes

What are the causes of Male Infertility?

Facrtors contributing to altered sperm production and reduced fertility include:

Age

Age

Overweight/obesity

Overweight/obesity

Excess oestrogen

Excess oestrogen

Low sperm count and volume

Low sperm count and volume

Injury to testicles

Injury to testicles

Hormone imbalance

Hormone imbalance

Smoking

Smoking

Alcohol

Alcohol

Drugs & medications

Drugs & medications

STI's - chlamydia, gonorrhoea

STI's - chlamydia, gonorrhoea

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Male Infertility?

o investigate your infertility, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical exam or request the following tests:

Full blood count (FBC)

Full blood count (FBC)

 Sperm/Semen analysis

Sperm/Semen analysis

Male hormone profile

Male hormone profile

Oestrogen metabolites

Oestrogen metabolites

Find a Practitioner

See a directory of practitioners who specialise in male Infertility