Overview

What is Female Infertility?

Infertility in women is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse, and/or the inability to maintain a pregnancy.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Female Infertility?

The signs and symptoms of infertility include:

Inability to conceive after unprotected sexual intercourse

Inability to conceive after unprotected sexual intercourse

Recurrent miscarriage

Recurrent miscarriage

Menstrual cycle disturbances (i.e., irregular cycles, PMS, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, menorrhagia, and metrorrhagia)

Menstrual cycle disturbances (i.e., irregular cycles, PMS, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, menorrhagia, and metrorrhagia)

Pain with sexual intercourse

Pain with sexual intercourse

Causes

What are the causes of Female Infertility?

Factors contributing to altered ovulation and reduced fertility include:

Age

Age

Overweight/obesity

Overweight/obesity

PCOS

PCOS

Smoking

Smoking

Alcohol

Alcohol

Drugs & medications

Drugs & medications

STI's - chlamydia, gonorrhoea

STI's - chlamydia, gonorrhoea

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Caffeine

Caffeine

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Infertility?

To investigate your infertility, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical exam or request the following tests:

Full blood count (FBC)

Full blood count (FBC)

Female hormone profile

Female hormone profile

Thyroid hormone profile

Thyroid hormone profile

Find a Practitioner

See a directory of practitioners who specialise in female Infertility