Overview

What is Headaches/Migraines?

Headache is a term used to describe aching or pain that occurs in one or more areas of the head, face, mouth, or neck. Headache can be chronic, recurrent, or occasional. The pain can be mild or severe enough to disrupt daily activities. Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are generally accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and/or sound. People with recurrent migraines may not be able to continue with normal daily activity during an attack. Attacks typically last several hours, and sometimes persist for several days.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Headaches/Migraines?

Migraine headaches are a result of more complex dysfunction within the central nervous system and there are various factors that contribute to this dysfunction, including: A neurotransmitter imbalance - low serotonin Hormonal imbalance

The common signs and symptoms associated with headaches and migraines include:

Pain

Pain

Insomnia

Insomnia

Tight or sore muscles in neck and shoulders

Tight or sore muscles in neck and shoulders

Emotional stress

Emotional stress

"Brain fog" and inability to concentrate

"Brain fog" and inability to concentrate

Mood changes

Mood changes

Fatigue

Fatigue

Nasal congestion

Nasal congestion

Tearing of the eyes

Tearing of the eyes

Nausea and/or vomiting

Nausea and/or vomiting

Sensitivity to sound and/or light

Sensitivity to sound and/or light

Impaired vision

Impaired vision

Low blood glucose levels

Low blood glucose levels

Causes

What are the causes of Headaches/Migraines?

Migraine headaches are a result of more complex dysfunction within the central nervous system and there are various factors that contribute to this dysfunction, including: A neurotransmitter imbalance - low serotonin Hormonal imbalance.

There are many triggers for someone to experience a headache or migraine, including:

Muscular tension

Muscular tension

Jaw clenching

Jaw clenching

Infections

Infections

Eye/vision problems

Eye/vision problems

Hormonal imbalances

Hormonal imbalances

Diet

Diet

High blood pressure

High blood pressure

Injury to head, neck or spine

Injury to head, neck or spine

Disorders of the nervous system

Disorders of the nervous system

Poor posture

Poor posture

Dehydration

Dehydration

Meningitis

Meningitis

Lack of sleep

Lack of sleep

Alcohol consumption

Alcohol consumption

Caffeine withdrawal

Caffeine withdrawal

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Headaches/Migraines?

To diagnose headaches/migraines, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history and perform a physical exam. Additional tests that may assist the process include:

In some cases your doctor may also refer for imaging such as MRI or CT scan.

Female/Male comprehensive hormone profile (blood/Urine)

Female/Male comprehensive hormone profile (blood/Urine)

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating Headaches/Migraines.