Overview

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition that affects a woman’s reproductive organs when the lining of the uterus grows outside of it affecting the uterine wall and the gastrointestinal tract. Endometriosis can affect bladder, bowel, fertility and emotional health.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Endometriosis?

The symptoms of endometriosis vary depending on the severity. Some of the symptoms may include:

Painful periods

Painful periods

Vomiting and/or diarrhoea associated with the pain

Vomiting and/or diarrhoea associated with the pain

Spotting before or in between periods

Spotting before or in between periods

Increased frequency of urination

Increased frequency of urination

Painful sex

Painful sex

Change in bowel movements

Change in bowel movements

Infertility and miscarriage

Infertility and miscarriage

Some have no symptoms and it is discovered during surgery, or after not falling pregnant (infertility)

Some have no symptoms and it is discovered during surgery, or after not falling pregnant (infertility)

Causes

What are the causes of Endometriosis?

The cause of endometriosis is somewhat unknown. However, possible associations can vary and may include:

Family history of endometriosis

Family history of endometriosis

Retrograde (backwards) menstruation

Retrograde (backwards) menstruation

Metaplasia – the change of normal pelvic tissue into endometriosis

Metaplasia – the change of normal pelvic tissue into endometriosis

First period occurring before 11 years of age

First period occurring before 11 years of age

The type of period – heavy bleeding, lasting longer than five days; regularly fewer than 27 days between periods

The type of period – heavy bleeding, lasting longer than five days; regularly fewer than 27 days between periods

Low body weight.

Low body weight.

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Endometriosis?

To diagnose endometriosis, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical exam or request the following tests:

Full blood count (FBC)

Full blood count (FBC)

Female hormone profile

Female hormone profile

Oestrogen metabolites

Oestrogen metabolites

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating endometriosis