Overview

What is Crohn's Disease?

Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease involving all layers of the intestinal wall and any part of the gastrointestinal tract. It is characterised by patchy mucosal lesions containing ulcers, fissures, and granulomas.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Crohn's Disease?

The symptoms of Crohn's Disease vary depending on the severity. Some of the symptoms may include:

 Diarrhoea with or without blood

Diarrhoea with or without blood

Abdominal pain/cramps

Abdominal pain/cramps

Blood in the stool

Blood in the stool

Bloating

Bloating

Fatigue, anaemia

Fatigue, anaemia

Poor appetite, weight loss, malnutrition

Poor appetite, weight loss, malnutrition

Steatorrhoea (fatty stool)

Steatorrhoea (fatty stool)

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting

Anal-rectal complications such as fistulae, fissures, or perirectal abscesses

Anal-rectal complications such as fistulae, fissures, or perirectal abscesses

Rectal bleeding

Rectal bleeding

Fever

Fever

Causes

What are the causes of Crohn's Disease?

It isn’t clear what causes Crohn’s disease. However, the following factors may influence the risk of developing it:

Compromised immune system

Compromised immune system

Genetics

Genetics

Recurring gastrointestinal infections

Recurring gastrointestinal infections

Environment

Environment

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Crohn's Disease?

No single test is enough for a diagnosis of Crohn's disease. However, useful tests your doctor/practitioner might recommend include:

Full blood count (FBC)

Full blood count (FBC)

GI Mapping stool test

GI Mapping stool test

Endoscopy/Colonoscopy

Endoscopy/Colonoscopy

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating Crohn's Disease