Overview

What is Candida Overgrowth (Candidiasis)?

Candidiasis is a general term for yeast and fungal infections, most commonly caused by several species of Candida, the most predominant being Candida albicans. Candida is a common organism in the human gut that can affect areas such as the gut, genitals, skin, throat and mouth.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Candida Overgrowth (Candidiasis)?

The signs and symptoms of Candidiasis include:

Fever

Fever

 Itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva

Itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva

A burning sensation, especially during intercourse or while urinating

A burning sensation, especially during intercourse or while urinating

Redness and swelling of the vulva

Redness and swelling of the vulva

Vaginal pain and soreness

Vaginal pain and soreness

Vaginal rash

Vaginal rash

Thick, white, odor-free vaginal discharge with a cottage cheese appearance

Thick, white, odor-free vaginal discharge with a cottage cheese appearance

Watery vaginal discharge

Watery vaginal discharge

Causes

What are the causes of Candida Overgrowth (Candidiasis)?

The fungus candida albicans is responsible for most yeast infections. The vagina naturally contains a balanced mix of yeast, including candida, and bacteria. Certain bacteria (lactobacillus) act to prevent an overgrowth of yeast. But that balance can be disrupted. An overgrowth of candida or penetration of the fungus into deeper vaginal cell layers causes the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection. Overgrowth of yeast can result from:

Antibiotic use

Antibiotic use

Pregnancy

Pregnancy

Uncontrolled diabetes

Uncontrolled diabetes

An impaired immune system

An impaired immune system

Taking oral contraceptives or hormone therapy that increase oestrogen levels

Taking oral contraceptives or hormone therapy that increase oestrogen levels

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Candida Overgrowth (Candidiasis)?

To diagnose candidiasis, your doctor may perform any of the following tests: Send a sample of vaginal fluid for testing to determine the type of fungus causing the yeast infection.

Candida Antibodies/Antigen

Candida Antibodies/Antigen

GI Mapping stool test

GI Mapping stool test

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who are specialised in treating candida overgrowth (candidiasis).