Overview

What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), also know as an "enlarged prostate" occurs when the cells of the prostate gland begin to multiply. These additional cells cause your prostate gland to swell, which squeezes the urethra and limits the flow of urine. The condition is most common in men over 50.

Symptoms

What are the signs of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

The symptoms of BPH are often very mild in the early stages, but they become more serious if they aren’t treated. Common symptoms include:

Incomplete bladder emptying

Incomplete bladder emptying

Nocturia (frequent urination during the night)

Nocturia (frequent urination during the night)

Dribbling at the end of your urine stream

Dribbling at the end of your urine stream

Incontinence

Incontinence

Straining when urinating

Straining when urinating

A weak urinary stream

A weak urinary stream

A sudden urge to urinate

A sudden urge to urinate

A slowed or delayed urinary stream

A slowed or delayed urinary stream

Painful urination

Painful urination

Blood in the urine

Blood in the urine

Causes

What are the causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

BPH is considered a normal condition of aging. Although the exact cause is unknown, changes in male sex hormones as a natural part of aging may be a factor.

A family history of prostate problems or any abnormalities with your testicles may raise your risk for BPH.

A family history of prostate problems or any abnormalities with your testicles may raise your risk for BPH.

Diagnosis

How do I know if I have Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

To diagnose BPH, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history and perform a physical exam. The physical exam includes a rectal examination that allows the doctor to estimate the size and shape of your prostate. Other tests can include:

Urinalysis

Urinalysis

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

Cystoscopy

Cystoscopy

Find a Practitioner

See a list of practitioners who specialise in treating Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)